6. Slow Wound Healing
Diabetes reduces the number and efficiency of endothelial progenitor cells or
EPCs, which travel to the sites of injury and help form blood vessels and heal
7. Blurred Vision Or Even Vision Loss
The rising blood glucose causes the lens to pull in water from the body and
swell. This change in lens shape affects the eye’s ability to focus. This can be
reversed with diabetes medicines.
But as the blood vessels in the retina become weak and thin after years of
hyperglycemia and bulge out in pouches called micro-aneurysms, they release a
fatty protein called exudate. When the exudate leaks into the center of the
retina, vision damage is permanent.
Can You Manage Diabetes?
Diabetes is not curable, but it certainly is manageable. While type 2 can be
managed by a good low-glucose, low-fat diet and regular exercise, along with
medicines, type 1 can be managed with regular insulin injections.
Type 1 patients, however, need to be extra-cautious to avoid situations where
the blood glucose level falls below normal, leading to hypoglycemia, which, if
severe, can even lead to convulsions and fainting.